Open Access: The Whipping Boy for Problems in Scholarly Publishing?

Communications of the Association for Information Systems (CAIS) publishes research and other articles on a wide range of topics of interest to information systems professionals and academics. They also invite debates. Our debate is about open access. With our paper Danny Kingsley and I hope to foster debate about the place of open access (OA) in scholarly publishing. The Editor of the section Professor Karlheinz Kautz invited  a varied set of debaters to respond to our opening: publishers, librarians, research administrators, editors, researchers, and largely received a polite refusal or no response. Too controversial a topic or lack of time or interest? However one scholar, three journal editors and a research administrator did respond. CAIS is not open open access, but we have permission to publish our papers on our own web sites or in our repositories, so below are links to our opening debate and our rebuttal to the responses. Hopefully the authors of the responses will also make their papers open access. As Karl says in his editorial, the debate about open access and scholarly publishing is far from over, and to improve scholarly publishing we need more stakeholders to engage in the debate.

Open Access- The Whipping Boy for Problems in Scholarly Publishing

Rebuttal.Open Access- The Whipping Boy for Problems in Scholarly Communications

Kingsley, Danny A. and Kennan, Mary Anne (2015) “Open Access: The Whipping Boy for Problems in Scholarly Publishing,” Communications of the Association for Information Systems: Vol. 37, Article 14. Available at: http://aisel.aisnet.org/cais/vol37/iss1/14

Kingsley, Danny A. and Kennan, Mary Anne (2015) “Open Access: The Whipping Boy for Problems in Scholarly Communication—A Response to the Rebuttals,” Communications of the Association for Information Systems: Vol. 37, Article 20. Available at: http://aisel.aisnet.org/cais/vol37/iss1/20

Comments Off on Open Access: The Whipping Boy for Problems in Scholarly Publishing?

Filed under Open access blogging, Random research-y things, Uncategorized

DOCAM 2015 – The Document Academy Downunder

During 20 to 22 July 2015 the School of Information Studies at CSU jointly with the Faculty of the Arts and Social Sciences at UTS, hosted the 12th Annual meeting of the Document Academy (DOCAM 2015).  Conference Co-chairs were Paul Scifleet from Swinburne University, Maureen Henninger from UTS, and Mary Anne Kennan from CSU. DOCAM conferences provide a unique multidisciplinary space for reporting experimental and critical research on the concept of the document and documentation, with participants from fields as diverse as information, media, museum, archives, culture, and science studies.  Delegates came from 16 countries and papers were innovative and exciting. The keynote speaker, Professor Geoffrey Bowker (School of Information and Computer Science at the University of California at Irvine, where he is the director of the Laboratory for Values in Design in Information Systems and Technology), opened the conference with a challenge to participants to think beyond boundaries, to question and explore. Below is a photo of DOCAM 2015 attendees courtesy of Kiersten Latham, Kent State University

DOCAM attendees

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Research Data Management Practices: A Snapshot in Time (2015)

There is increasing pressure from funders, publishers, the public, universities and other research organisations for researchers to improve their data management and sharing practices. However, little is known about researchers’ data management and sharing practices and concerns. The research reported in this paper seeks to address this by providing insight into the research data management and sharing practices of academics at ten universities in New South Wales, Australia. Empirical data was taken from a survey to which 760 academics responded, with 634 completing at least one section. Results showed that at the time of the survey there were a wide variety of research data in use, including analogue data, and that the challenges researchers faced in managing their data included finding safe and secure storage, particularly after project completion, but also during projects when data are used (and thus stored) on a wide variety of less-than-optimal temporary devices. Data sharing was not widely practiced and only a relatively small proportion of researchers had a research data management plan. Since the survey was completed much has changed: capacities and communities are being built around data management and sharing and policies, and guidelines are being constructed. Data storage and curation services are now more freely available. It will be interesting to observe how the findings of future studies compare with those reported here.

Kennan M.A. and Markauskaite, L.  Research Data Management Practices: A Snapshot in Time (2015) International Journal of Digital Curation Vol. 10, Iss. 2, 69–95 http://ijdc.net/index.php/ijdc/article/view/10.2.69

Comments Off on Research Data Management Practices: A Snapshot in Time (2015)

Filed under Uncategorized

Data sharing for the advancement of science: Overcoming barriers for citizen scientists

Kirsty Williamson, Graeme Johanson, John Weckert and I have just had a paper from our citizen science work accepted for publication by JASIST. It’s been a great project which hopefully can be continued. The paper  addresses data sharing by citizen scientists particularly focusing on independent citizen scientists – that is those who work on their own or as part of a voluntary environmental group rather than as a part of a formal citizen science program. We contend that these citizen scientists can make a significant contribution to science with their data which can contribute to aggregated datasets used in data-intensive science. The paper reports three-phase project Conducted between 2011 and 2013 within a large environmental voluntary group, the Australian Plants’ Society Victoria (APSV), the interviews of the first phase are the major data source. Because the project revealed the importance of data sharing with professional scientists, professional scientists’ views are included in the literature review where four themes are explored: lack of shared disciplinary culture; trust; responsibility and controlled access to data; and describing data to enable reuse. The findings, presented under these themes, revealed that, within APSV, sharing amongst members is mostly generous and uninhibited. Beyond APSV, when online repositories were involved, barriers came very strongly into play. Trust was weaker and barriers also included issues of data quality, data description, and ownership and control. The conclusion is that further investigation of these barriers, including the attitudes of professional scientists to using data contributed by citizen scientists, would indicate how more extensive and useful data sharing can be achieved.

Building on:

Johanson, G., Williamson, K. & M.A. Kennan (2013). Multiple communities: botanical data from citizen scientists for digital repositories. In Nexus, Confluence, and Difference: Community Archives meets Community Informatics; Prato CIRN Conference Oct 28-30, 2013, Monash Centre, Prato Italy. Centre for Community Networking Research, Centre for Social Informatics, Monash University. http://researchoutput.csu.edu.au/R/Q5FY9K2EJ6I5119TQE2B9TV9IXIJTU4LCG8BF2HS253JL8GS5Q-01242?func=results-jump-full&set_entry=000008&set_number=000771&base=GEN01-CSU01

Kennan, M.A., Williamson, K. & Johanson, G. (2012). Wild data: collaborative e-research and university libraries. Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 43(1) pp.55-78. http://researchoutput.csu.edu.au/R/-?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=40179&local_base=GEN01-CSU01

Kennan, M.A., Williamson, K & Johanson, G. (2013). Environmental Voluntary Groups: Towards Curating Data for Sharing, Access and Preservation, 76th Annual ASIST Annual Meeting, Beyond the Cloud: Rethinking information boundaries, Montreal Canada. November 1-5 2013. Proceedings of the 76th ASIS&T Annual Meeting, Volume 50.  http://www.asis.org/asist2013/proceedings/submissions/papers/66paper.pdf

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Research Support in Australian University Libraries: An Outsider View

It is always interesting to see yourself through someone else’s eyes. The experience can be surprising as we learn what we believe to be ordinary can look unusual to someone else. This is as true for a profession or group practice, as it is for an individual. An early view paper for the journal Australian Academic and Research Libraries (AARL) enables staff employed in research support at Australian university libraries to do just this.  Dr Alice Keller, who currently holds a senior management position at the Zentralbibliothek Zürich and has previously worked at the ETH Library in Zurich, Switzerland and at the Bodleian Library in Oxford, UK recently visited Australia for a seven week sabbatical hosted by Macquarie University Library. During this period Alice conducted research initially focussing on the role of subject or liaison librarians. What her paper ends up doing is focussing on research support services, covering the ground very well and reflecting on the changes that have taken place in Australian academic libraries in recent years.  It does a great job covering topics such as “Libraries as partners in research”, “research support services” such as institutional repositories, open access, research data management and more.  While some is reporting of what we may think we know, it is interesting to hear how different libraries approach different services and enlightening to see practices we understand as common to be described as “refreshing or shocking – whichever you prefer”.  In particular comparisons between practices in Australian libraries and those in Europe are of interest.  The article titled “Research Support in Australian University Libraries: An Outsider View” is available through the AARL web site: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00048623.2015.1009528#preview

Leave a comment

Filed under AARL: Australian Academic & Research Libraries, Random research-y things, Research support in libraries

Opening up our data – practicing what we preach

CSU has been participating in an Australian National Data Service (ANDS) funded Open Data Collection Project. The first dataset included was from Roshan Thapa’s PhD and the second set was our survey on research support services. Both can be accessed from RDA https://researchdata.ands.org.au/dr-roshan-thapa/477630 or https://researchdata.ands.org.au/academic-library-survey-research-management/477634 via CRO, CSU’s institutional repository.

Part of the service is to create a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) which can facilitate data citation. Citing data is increasingly being recognised as one of the key practices leading to recognition of data as a primary research output.

The current two CSU open datasets are:

Thapa, Roshan ( 2015 ): Botanal and Seedling Data: Rehabilitation of perennial pastures PhD Project. Charles Sturt University. URI: http://researchoutput.csu.edu.au/R/-?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=67852&local_base=GEN01-CSU01.

Kennan, Mary Anne ; Corrall, Sheila ; Afzal, Waseem ( 2015 ): Academic library survey responses data: Research support services, including bibliometrics and research data management. Charles Sturt University & University of Pittsburgh. URI: http://researchoutput.csu.edu.au/R/-?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=67918&local_base=GEN01-CSU01.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Docam doctoral forum

DOCAM adds a doctoral forum to its program

Call For Participants: Doctoral Forum & Poster Presentation

DOCAM / RAILS special event

https://www.uts.edu.au/partners-and-community/conferences-and-seminars/documents-unbounded/doctoral-forum-and-poster

DOCAM 2015 and RAILS 2015 are pleased to invite submissions from doctoral students in information/document studies or a related discipline to attend a joint Doctoral Forum on the afternoon and evening of 22 July, 2015. Prospective doctoral students developing a PhD application for 2015/16 are also invited to apply. The aim of the forum is to provide a supporting environment where students can discuss their research and receive mentoring and advice from an international panel of senior researchers.

This is a special shared event co-hosted by the 12th Annual Conference of the Document Academy, 20-22 July, 2015 and the Research Applications in Information and Library Studies Conference (RAILS), following DOCAM from 22–24 July, 2015. Both conferences are sponsored by the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), and the School of Information Studies, Charles Sturt University (CSU).

The doctoral forum is open to students enrolled in a doctoral program in any of RAILS and DOCAM’s cognate disciplines (e.g. Information Science, Information Systems, Librarianship, Museum Studies, Rhetoric, Document and Media Studies, Information and Computer Science). The forum is included, at no additional cost, for students registered to attend DOCAM 2015 or RAILS 2015.

The doctoral forum will be led by Professor Pamela McKenzie (University of Western Ontario, Canada) who will be joined by senior academics in the field, including Dr Michael Olsson (UTS, Australia) and Professor Lisa Given (CSU, Australia). To be considered for this event students must submit an abstract outlining their Doctoral research, including the stage of their research that they are currently undertaking and the particular challenges they are facing that they would like to discuss and seek advice about . In addition students attending DOCAM will be given the opportunity to present a poster that introduces their PhD work during DOCAM 2015. Space in the Forum will be limited and, given the interactive nature of the forum discussion, students should be prepared to present on and talk about their research.

The forum schedule will be finalised in conjunction with DOCAM’s co-provider RAILS once the number of attendees has been determined. Notifications of decisions will be made by February 15, 2015. If there are any queries regarding submissions, please email Dr Michael Olsson (Michael.Olsson@uts.edu.au)

DOCAM/RAILS submission process for Doctoral Forum

Abstracts of 500 words must be submitted through Easychair by midnight (23:59:00 Australian Eastern Daylight Time) on Friday, 30 January 2015. https://www.easychair.org/conferences/?conf=docam2015

Students should provide a brief overview of the nature of their project (research problem, methodology/method, theoretical framework, etc.), a description of their intended poster and explain why they would benefit from participating in the event. Please see the EasyChair Submission Instructions for details, prior to submitting your abstract to the system. Note in front of your title proper, please type these words: Doctoral Forum.

Criteria for Selection

Submitted abstracts of 500 words should address the following criteria:

  • Proposed benefit to the student’s doctoral program (approx. 100 words);
  • Clear, coherent outline (abstract) of original research (200 words);
  • Outline of issues and challenges student wishes to discuss (100 words)
  • Description of the poster presentation to be provided in support of the work (approx. 100 words in addition to research outline); and
  • Indication of attendance at (student rates) for either DOCAM 2015 or RAILS 2015

EasyChair Submission Instructions

The submission deadline for all DOCAM doctoral forum proposals is midnight (23:59:00 Australian Eastern Daylight Time) Friday 30 January 2015. Proposals must be submitted via the EasyChair system (https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=docam2015). To submit your abstract at EasyChair, please follow the steps below:

  1. name and contact information for the forum participant;
  2. title of work, include the words Doctoral Forum immediately before your title;
  3. select poster in the category type;
  4. add 3 to 5 keywords;
  5. do not complete the abstract box available in the EasyChair template, instead
  6. upload your abstract (500 words) for your proposed forum contribution

Doctoral forum abstracts (a combined 500 word description max.) must be in the word format. References may also be included, beyond the allowed 500 words.

We look forward to meeting you at DOCAM 2015 and RAILS 2015.

Leave a comment

Filed under DOCAM 2015